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On Feb. 16, a Roskomnadzor official stated corporations that didn’t comply by the top of the month would face penalties. Along with fines and potential shutdowns or slowdowns, the penalties may disrupt advert gross sales, search engine operations, information assortment and funds, in accordance with the legislation.

“For these corporations that haven’t began the process for ‘touchdown’ we are going to contemplate the problem of making use of measures earlier than the top of this month,” Vadim Subbotin, deputy head of Roskomnadzor, advised the Russian Parliament, in accordance with Russian media.

Human-rights and free-speech teams stated they have been disenchanted that a number of the tech corporations, typically seen inside Russia as much less beholden to the federal government, have been complying with the legislation with out public protest.

“The ulterior motive behind the adoption of the touchdown legislation is to create authorized grounds for intensive on-line censorship by silencing remaining opposition voices and threatening freedom of expression on-line,” stated Joanna Szymanska, an knowledgeable on Russian web censorship efforts at Article 19, a civil society group primarily based in London.

Mr. Chikov, who has represented corporations together with Telegram in instances towards the Russian authorities, stated he met with Fb final yr to debate its Russia insurance policies. Fb executives sought recommendation on whether or not to tug out of Russia, he stated, together with slicing off entry to Fb and Instagram. The corporate complied with the legal guidelines as an alternative.

Mr. Chikov urged the tech corporations to talk out towards the Russian calls for, even when it ends in a ban, to set a wider precedent about combating censorship.

“There have been instances when the large tech corporations have been leaders when it comes to not solely expertise but additionally in civil liberties and freedom of expression and privateness,” he stated. “Now they behave extra like massive transnational companies securing their enterprise pursuits.”

Anton Troianovski and Oleg Matsnev contributed reporting.

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