On this interview, repeat visitor Dr. Malcolm Kendrick, a board-certified household doctor and creator of the e book, “The Clot Thickens: The Enduring Mystery of Heart Disease,” opinions the underlying mechanisms for coronary heart illness, which for the final century has been the main reason behind dying within the U.S.

Of all of the books he’s written, that is my favourite, because it goes into nice element, providing you with the organic understanding of the method of atherosclerosis resulting in coronary heart assaults and strokes. He additionally has strong methods for decreasing your heart problems threat.

By the way, when you perceive the illness course of, then you can too perceive how each COVID-19 and the COVID jab can contribute to coronary heart illness. When requested why he’s taken such an curiosity in coronary heart illness, Kendrick replies:

“After I was coaching as a pupil in drugs, Scotland had the best charge of coronary heart illness on this planet. Early on the reply for why was, ‘Oh, nicely, it is as a result of we have now such horrible food plan, and we eat garbage meals like deep fried Mars bars.’

So, you eat an excessive amount of saturated fats, the saturated fats will get was ldl cholesterol in your bloodstream, after which it’s absorbed into arteries and varieties narrowings and thickenings, which all sounds believable should you do not give it some thought too exhausting.

However I additionally occur to go to France quite a bit, and what I observed about France was, they eat a variety of saturated fats. They eat extra, the truth is, than anybody else in Europe, and positively greater than Scotland. So, [this saturated fat] speculation actually did not work for the French. They’ve the best saturated fats consumption in Europe and lowest charge of coronary heart illness, and this has been the case for many years.

In the event you took all the chance elements for France and Scotland [such as smoking, high blood pressure and diabetes], then the French had barely [higher risk], based on typical considering. However, the truth is, that they had one-fifth [the rate among age-matched men].

So, I believed, that is fascinating. It would not make a lot sense based on what we’re informed. Then whereas I used to be in medical college, a tutor in cardiology mentioned … LDL can not cross the endothelium. On the time, I did not know what LDL was, nor did I do know what the endothelium was, but it surely sounded vital.

She had been coronary heart illness as a special course of for many years … So, I feel that is actually the place I bought began. When you begin questioning what the issue is, you find yourself questioning an increasing number of and also you begin considering, gosh, that is simply nonsense, is not it? This complete speculation is simply nonsense. So, I began selecting it aside.”

The Thrombogenic Speculation

“The Clot Thickens” is Kendrick’s effort to clarify an alternate speculation for what really causes coronary heart illness. If it’s not saturated fats and ldl cholesterol, what’s it? In 1852, a Viennese researcher, Karl von Rokitansky, developed what he known as the encrustation speculation of coronary heart illness.

As we speak, this speculation has been renamed the thrombogenic speculation. ‘Thrombo’ stands for thrombosis, i.e., blood clots, and ‘genesis’ means the reason for, or the beginning of. So, the thrombogenic speculation is that blood clots are the essential pathology that causes all coronary heart illness.

In a nutshell, when a blood clot varieties in your artery wall, which may occur for a variety of causes, it’ll sometimes be lined over and dissolved. An issue arises, nevertheless, if the blood clot isn’t totally eradicated and one other blood clot varieties in the identical ‘susceptible’ space. This then turns into what’s conventionally known as atherosclerotic plaque.

“The atherosclerotic plaque is principally a buildup of blood clot, restore, blood clot, restore, blood clot, restore,” Kendrick explains. “If the blood clotting course of is quicker than the restore course of, you’ve got a plaque that regularly grows and ultimately thickens the artery wall till it narrows sufficiently that the ultimate blood clot, on prime of the present plaque, is the factor that may trigger a coronary heart assault or stroke …

In the event you minimize via the plaque and take a look at it, it virtually seems to be like tree rings. You possibly can see there’s been a clot, restore, clot, restore, clot, restore, clock, restore over time.

It’s broadly accepted {that a} blood clot forming on an present plaque will trigger the plaque to develop in dimension. Yow will discover 10,000 papers saying that that is the case. What the mainstream will not settle for is {that a} blood clot on a wholesome artery wall can provoke the entire course of.

So, to an extent, all I am saying to folks is, nicely, we all know blood clots trigger the ultimate occasion. We all know blood clots trigger plaques to develop. Why will not you settle for that blood clots are the factor that begins it within the first place? As a result of then we have now one course of all through, and it is smart, as a result of it matches with what you may see.”

As famous by Kendrick, the traditional view is that low-density lipoprotein or LDL will get into the artery wall the place it initiates plaque formation. It then, inexplicably, stops initiating plaque, and the plaque continues to develop via the addition of repeated clots.

Nonetheless, Kendrick says, when you begin drilling down into the ldl cholesterol, aka LDL speculation, the entire thing begins to disintegrate. LDL merely can not clarify the illness development. But regardless of the numerous holes within the idea, the concept that LDL causes coronary heart illness is touted as an absolute, incontrovertible fact.

What’s the Mechanism?

With a view to justify a speculation, you could have a mechanism of motion. When you perceive the mechanism of the particular illness course of, then you may put the puzzle items collectively. Kendrick begins his clarification:

“Your blood vessels are lined with endothelial cells, a bit like tiles on a wall. Endothelial cells are additionally lined themselves in a factor known as glycocalyx. In the event you attempt to decide up a fish, it will slip via your fingers; it’s extremely slippery. The rationale it is slippery is as a result of it’s lined in glycocalyx and the glycocalyx is extremely slippery. It is nature’s Teflon.

So principally, in our case, the glycocalyx [is inside] our blood vessels, to permit the blood to journey via with out it sticking, with out injury occurring. So, you’ve got this sort of damage-repellent layer on prime of your endothelial cells.

Now, if that layer is broken, after which the endothelial cell itself beneath is broken, then the physique will say, ‘Oh, we have got injury to a blood vessel, we will need to have a blood clot there as a result of we might bleed out.’ So, a blood clot varieties on the world of injury, and instantly stops [the bleeding].”

The blood clot doesn’t simply carry on rising and rising. If it did, you’d die anytime you had a blood clot. As a substitute, when a clot varieties, different processes step in to forestall it getting too massive, which is why each blood clot doesn’t trigger a stroke or coronary heart assault. As soon as the clot has stabilized, and has been shaved down, the world is roofed over by endothelial progenitor cells, made within the bone marrow, that float round in your blood stream.

When a progenitor cell finds an space that has been broken, it attaches itself to that space, together with others, forming a brand new endothelial layer. The remaining blood clot is now mendacity ‘inside’ the artery wall itself. So, principally, it’s the restore course of that may result in plaque buildup throughout the artery wall. In time, if injury outstrips restore, this could slender the artery and scale back blood circulation.

What Damages Endothelial Cells?

The query is, what can injury the endothelium within the first place? Right here, Kendrick makes use of the SARS-CoV-2 mechanism for instance:

“The COVID virus enters endothelial cells via the ACE2 receptor. It prefers endothelial cells as a result of they have ACE2 receptors on them. It will get into the endothelial cell and begins replicating, then bursts out, damaging the cell. Bingo, you’ve bought an space of injury.

After all, added to this, when cells have viruses inside them, they ship out misery indicators to the immune system saying, ‘I have been contaminated, come and kill me,’ and so the immune system begins to have a go on the endothelial cells. This is the reason you will get an issue, as a result of the endothelial cells are being broken and stripped off.

Blood clotting happens on the factors of injury and hey, presto, you are having clotting, you are having strokes, you are having coronary heart assaults, which is the factor that individuals at first could not perceive [about COVID-19]. But it’s extremely clear that what’s occurring is you have bought injury to the endothelial cells.

Clearly, you and I each know that should you get a [COVID jab], the cells are triggered to provide the spike protein, and these cells are sending out misery messages saying, ‘I’m contaminated.’ You must be very cautious if you wish to stick one thing into cells that then says to the immune system, ‘Please come and destroy me,’ as a result of that is what the immune system goes to do.

However shifting on from that, what different factor could cause endothelial injury? The reply is issues like smoking. Smoke particles get out of your lungs, they go into your blood vessels and so they trigger injury … You smoke one cigarette and a complete bunch of microparticles seem in your bloodstream, which implies endothelial cells are dying.

Fortunately as endothelial cells die, one other message is shipped to the bone marrow saying, we want extra endothelial cells and it stimulates endothelial progenitor cell manufacturing. These endothelial progenitor cells rush round overlaying over the areas of injury.

Some people who smoke have sufficient restore occurring and once you’re youthful, it is okay. As you become old and your restore programs start to fail a bit, cigarette smoking turns into an increasing number of of an issue.”

Different issues that may trigger endothelial injury embrace:

Excessive blood sugar ranges and diabetes. The protecting glycocalyx layer is product of proteins and sugars — Excessive blood sugar damages the glycoprotein layer, thinning it down in a measurable method. Excessive blood sugar can scale back the glycocalyx layer by as a lot as two-thirds. This, in flip, exposes the endothelial cells to the bloods and anything damaging that is perhaps there.

The injury to the glycocalyx is why diabetics are liable to each arterial and capillary (small vessel) illness. You possibly can’t get atherosclerosis within the capillaries, as there’s no room. As a substitute, the capillaries grow to be damaged down and destroyed. This in flip could cause ulcers, on account of poor circulation within the pores and skin of your legs and ft.

Peripheral neuropathy because the ends of nerve cells are disadvantaged of oxygen. Additionally visible issues (diabetic retinal injury) and kidney injury. Blood stress can also grow to be elevated as your coronary heart has to work more durable to push blood via a community of broken/lacking small blood vessels.

Heavy metals resembling aluminum and lead.

Hypertension, because it places stress on the endothelium — Atherosclerotic plaques (atherosclerosis) doesn’t happen except the stress is raised, including biomechanical stress.

Repairing the Glycocalyx

As defined by Kendrick, the glycocalyx layer resembles a garden, with slippery filaments that stick up. Inside this glycocalyx layer you’ve got nitric oxide synthase (NOS), which produces nitric oxide (NO), and you’ve got NO itself, in addition to a variety of different anticoagulant proteins. The glycocalyx is definitely a potent anticoagulant layer, so it stops blood clots forming. If glycocalyx is broken, your threat of blood clotting will increase.

“It’s a really difficult layer,” Kendrick says. “It is like a jungle filled with issues that say, ‘Do not stick with this, keep away from this.’” Inside it, you even have albumin, protein advanced produced by the liver. Albumin accommodates the proteins that assist preserve and restore the glycocalyx. A truth that almost all docs are unaware of is that, when you’ve got a low albumin degree, you are considerably extra prone to die of coronary heart illness.

The excellent news is that whereas the glycocalyx layer might be quickly destroyed, it can be quickly repaired. (Experiments have proven that in an space the place the glycocalyx has been utterly stripped off, it may be utterly repaired in a single second.) Dietary supplements like chondroitin sulfate and methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) might be useful on this regard.

“In the event you attempt to clarify that via the LDL mechanism, it simply would not work,” Kendrick says. “They’ve found that should you give chondroitin sulfate as a complement — which usually is for arthritis and stuff like that — it reduces the chance of coronary heart illness fairly significantly. How do you clarify that? Effectively, you may clarify that since you’re defending your glycocalyx.

These are the form of issues that make no sense should you like trying on the typical concepts of coronary heart illness, however are instantly and simply defined should you say, ‘We now have to maintain our glycocalyx wholesome and we have now to maintain our endothelial cells beneath them wholesome.

In any other case they are going to be broken and stripped off, after which we’ll get a blood clot, and if we preserve getting blood clots at that time, we’ll find yourself with a plaque and ultimately one of many blood clots on that plaque will kill you from a coronary heart assault or a stroke.”

Blood Movement Restriction Coaching

A life-style technique that may assist restore endothelial injury is blood circulation restriction (BFR) coaching. In response to BFR, your physique produces vascular endothelial development issue (VEGF), which acts as “fertilizer” for the endothelium. You possibly can study the ins and outs of BFR in my free BFR report. VEGF additionally induces the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), a potent vasodilator, and it stimulates endothelial progenitor cells.

“NO protects the endothelium. It’s anticoagulant — essentially the most potent anticoagulant we have now within the physique. It’s actually the magic molecule for cardiovascular well being,” Kendrick says.

“At one time NO was generally known as Endothelial Derived Rest Issue (EDRF) NO was one thing nobody believed might probably exist within the human physique. NO is definitely a free radical. Everybody says free radicals are terribly damaging and unhealthy.

To that I reply, ‘Effectively, it’s possible you’ll want to know that the chemical that’s the single most vital protecting chemical within the physique for the cardiovascular system is an extremely free radical known as nitric oxide.”

Some anticancer medication are designed to dam VEGF, because the tumor wants angiogenesis — which is the creation of recent blood vessels which might be required to offer enough ‘vitamins’ With out these new blood vessels, the tumor dies off. Sadly, should you block VEGF, you additionally block NO, which then raises your threat for coronary heart illness.

“These medication had been virtually faraway from the market,” Kendrick says, “as a result of regardless of their anticancer exercise, they had been procardiovascular illness to fairly a scary diploma.

[That’s why], in case you are given bevacizumab or Avastin as an anticancer drug, they now provide you with angiotensin changing enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors), that are blood stress decreasing tablets, and ACE inhibitors have a particular affect on bradykinin, which will increase NO synthesis.”

Methods to Decrease Your Thrombotic Danger

In his e book, “The Clot Thickens: The Enduring Mystery of Heart Disease,” Kendrick opinions many various methods that may decrease your illness threat. Right here’s a short-list of examples lined in far larger depth within the e book, in addition to a few of my very own suggestions that I convey up within the interview:

Keep away from pointless use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) resembling ibuprofen, aspirin and naproxen — Whereas they successfully inhibit irritation, they’ll trigger platelet aggregation by blocking COX-2. In different phrases, they activate your blood clotting system, making blood clots extra probably.

Get loads of wise solar publicity — Solar publicity triggers NO that helps dilate your blood vessels, decreasing your blood stress. NO additionally protects your endothelium, and will increase mitochondrial melatonin to enhance mobile vitality manufacturing.

Keep away from seed oils and processed meals — Seed oils are a main supply of the omega-6 fats known as linoleic acid (LA), which I imagine could also be way more dangerous than sugar. Extreme consumption is related to most all continual ailments, together with hypertension, weight problems, insulin resistance and diabetes.

LA will get embedded in your cell membranes, inflicting oxidative stress, and might stay there for as much as seven years. Oxidative linoleic acid metabolites (OXLAMs) are what’s inflicting the first injury, together with endothelial injury.

Decrease your insulin and blood sugar ranges — Easy methods to perform this embrace time-restricted consuming, consuming a food plan excessive in wholesome fat and low in refined carbohydrates, considerably proscribing your LA consumption and getting common train.

Handle continual stress, which raises each blood sugar and blood stress, promotes blood clotting and impairs your restore programs. Cortisol, a key stress hormone, reduces endothelial cell manufacturing.

Stop smoking.


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